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Theme issue title: “Simulation in health care education”
Lead Guest Editor: Ismail Mohd Saiboon (Malaysia)
Assistant Guest Editor: Michelle Kelly (Australia)
Assistant Guest Editor: Dinker R Pai (India)

Background: Simulation is a close duplication of the real situation in order to facilitate learning.  It has now become an essential tool in healthcare education and training.  At the core of bioethical principles is “primum non nocere” or “first do no harm”.  From the patient safety perspective, it is only ethical that efforts are made to minimize inevitable injury as a result of the learning curve of the trainee healthcare worker or student. Simulation in healthcare education and training provides fertile ground for learning and practicing procedures repetitively in a safe environment, at the trainees own pace and time, until competence is achieved.  Besides a human demonstrator, teaching or coaching can be enhanced by other means such as an instructional video recording.  Similarly, the interpersonal skills of conflict negotiation and team interaction can be learned through simulation, either with technical or human simulators.  Learning is further strengthened by feedback via debriefing and reflection.  Besides teaching and learning, assessment of learning outcome or competence can be conveniently conducted via simulation, as in various Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) scenarios. Uncommon events can be enacted for the purpose of training, as in clinical drills, which are all simulation based.  In these situations, awaiting a real occurrence of such events in the real world raises a few obvious issues – the event may not occur at all during the limited time of one’s learning period, there is no opportunity for repetition of an identical episode in order to enhance learning and to improve related skills, and debriefing and feedback are limited and based on mere circumstantial evidence.

Submission begins: 1.2.2019
Submission closes: 31.7.2019

*Reviews and original articles are welcome. No case reports are accepted. Submit your manuscripts online.