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The Health-Related Quality of Life of Vietnamese Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Original article

Abstrak

Diabetes jenis 2 adalah gangguan metabolik kronik yang menyebabkan komplikasi serius termasuk kualiti hidup. Penyelidikan ini menganalisis kualiti hidup yang berkaitan dengan kesihatan dan faktor relatif pesakit diabetes jenis 2 di Tam Binh District, Provinsi Vinh Long, Vietnam. Kajian keratan rentas telah dijalankan dari  bulan Julai-Ogos 2019 di tujuh belas komuniti di daerah Tam Binh. Kesemua 500 pesakit yang menderitai diabetes jenis 2 dan berumur 35 tahun mengambil bahagian di dalam penyelidikan ini. Soal selidik penerokaan merangkumi Kualiti Hidup Diabetes Vietnam. Pesakit kencing manis mempunyai usia rata-rata 59.77 + 9.81 tahun. Skor kualiti hidup yang berkaitan dengan kesihatan adalah sederhana pada 60.15 + 21 mata. Perhubungan interpersonal mempunyai skor terendah, namun skor tertinggi dikesan untuk ketahanan fizikal. Perbezaan yang ketara dapat dibezakan pada komponen individu yang berbeza seperti usia, status perkahwinan, lokasi, jenis keluarga, pendidikan, pekerjaan, pendapatan, jangka masa, tahap glisemia, HbA1c, hipoglisemia, penggunaan alkohol, rawatan, dan masalah lain. Kajian menunjukkan bahawa diabetes jenis 2 mempunyai kesan negatif terhadap kualiti hidup yang berkaitan dengan kesihatan. Beberapa ciri pesakit telah mempengaruhi skor kualiti hidup diabetes Vietnam.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that has serious complications including quality of life. This research analyses the health-related quality of life and the relative factors of type 2 diabetics in Tam Binh District, Vinh Long Province, Vietnam. A cross-sectional study was administered from July-August 2019 at seventeen communes in Tam Binh district. All total of 500 patients diagnosed type 2 diabetes and aged 35 years and older, comprised this investigation. The exploration questionnaire encompassed the Vietnamese Diabetes Quality of Life. Diabetics had an average age of 59.77 + 9.81 years. The health-related quality of life score was moderate at 60.15 + 21 points. The inter-personal relationship had the lowest score. However, the highest score was detected for the physical endurance. The significant differences could be distinguished at different individual components like age, marital status, location, family type, education, occupation, income, duration, glycaemia, HbA1c, hypoglycemia, alcohol-using, treatments, and other issues. The study highlighted that type 2 diabetes had a negative impact on health-related quality of life. Some patient characteristics affected Vietnamese diabetes quality of life score.